Steps To Write A Book

GEORGE ORWELL, author of “1984” and “Animal Farm” formulated 6 questions and 6 rules for writing:

  1. What am I trying to say?
  2. What words will express it?
  3. What image or idiom will make it clearer?
  4. Is this image fresh enough to have an effect?
  5. Could I put it more shortly?
  6. Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly?

“One can often be in doubt about the effect of a word or a phrase, and one needs rules that one can rely on when instinct fails. I think the following rules will cover most cases:

  1. Never use a metaphor, simile, or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print.
  2. Never use a long word where a short one will do.
  3. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out.
  4. Never use the passive where you can use the active.
  5. Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent.
  6. Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous.”

From Orwell’s essay “Politics and the English Language.”



“There are three rules for writing a novel. Unfortunately, no one knows what they are.”



Top 20 Rules for Writers. Here is the opener:

First write for yourself, and then worry about the audience.

“When you write a story, you’re telling yourself the story. When you rewrite, your main job is taking out all the things that are not the story.”



“Write drunk; edit sober.”

But apparently this comes from a novelist called Peter De Vries who published a novel called “Reuben, Reuben” in which the main character says:

“Sometimes I write drunk and revise sober, and sometimes I write sober and revise drunk. But you have to have both elements in creation — the Apollonian and the Dionysian, or spontaneity and restraint, emotion and discipline.”


“The Baker’s Dozen” Steps to writing a book.

A Baker's Dozen

A Baker’s Dozen










WYNDHAM STAR WEEKLY Wyndham Weekly Interview 2014-06-05 V2



4 June 2014:






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